This means to seize and hold a thing you have no right to seize and hold. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
a study on the history of the Ottoman Empire
Gold receipts are Legal Tender
The unit employed in the United States in calculating money values. It is coined both in gold and silver, and is of the value of one hundred cents. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
Pertaining to a state, nation, or whole community; proceeding from, re- lating to, or affecting the whole body of people or an entire community. Open to all; notorious. Common to all or many; general ; open to common use. Morgan v. Cree, 46 Vt. 786, 14 Am. Rep. 640; Crane v. Waters (C. C.) 10 Fed. 621; Austin v. Soule, 36 Vt. 650; Appeal of Eliot, 74 Coun. 586, 51 Atl. 558; 0’IIara v. Miller, 1 Kulp (Pa.) 295. A distinction has been made between the terms “public” aud “general.” They are sometimes used as synonymous. The former term is applied strictly to that which concerns all the citizens aud every member of the state; while the latter includes a lesser, though still a large, portion of the community. 1 Greenl. Ev. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
The development and subsequent construction of works that are for use of the population as a whole. It includes important infrastructure such as roads, bridges and public buildings. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
A place or building in which stores of wealth are reposited; particularly, a place where the public revenues are deposited and kept, and where money is dis- bursed to defray the expenses of government Webster. That department of government which is charged with the receipt, custody, and dis- bursement (pursuant to appropriations) of the public revenues or funds. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
A people, or aggregation of men, existing in the form of an organized jural society, inhabiting a distinct portion of the earth, speaking the same language, using the same customs, possessing historic continuity, and distinguished from other like groups by their racial origin and characteristics, and generally, but not necessarily, living under the same government and sovereignty. See Montoya v. U. S., 180 U. S. 201, 21 Sup. Ct 358, 45 L. Ed. 521; Worcester v. Georgia, 6 Pet. 539, 8 L. Ed. 483; Republic of Honduras v. Soto, 112 N. Y. 310, 19 N. E. 845, 2 L. R. A. 042, 8 Am. St. Rep. 744. Besides the element of autonomy or self-government, that is, the independence of the community as a whole from the interference of any foreign power in its affairs or any subjection to such power, it is further necessary to the constitution of a nation that it should be an organized jural society, that is, both governing its own members by regular laws, and defining and protecting their rights, and respecting the rights and duties which attach to it as a constituent member of the family of nations. Such a society, says Vattel, has her affairs and her interests ; she deliberates and takes resolutions in common; thus becoming a moral person, who possesses an understanding and will peculiar to herself, and is susceptible of obligations and rights. Vattel. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
1. The regulation, restraint, supervision, or control which is exercised upon the individual members of an organized jural society by those invested with the supreme political authority, for the good and welfare of the body politic; or the act of exercising supreme political power or control. 2. The system of politics in a state; that form of fundamental rules and principles by which a nation or state is governed, or by which individual members of a body politic are to regulate their social actions; a constitution, either written or unwritten, by which the rights and duties of citizens and public officers are prescribed and defined, as a monarchical government, a republican government, etc. Webster. 3. An empire, kingdom, state or independent political community; as in the phrase,”Compacts between independent governments.”4. The sovereign or supreme power in a state or nation. 5. The machinery by which the sovereign power in a state expresses its will and exercises its functions; or the framework of political institutions, departments, and offices, by means of which the executive, judicial, legislative, and administrative business of the state is carried on. 6. The whole class or body of office-holders or functionaries considered in the aggregate, upon whom devolves the executive, judicial, legislative, and administrative business of the state. 7. In a colloquial sense, the United States or its representatives, considered as the prosecutor in a criminal action; as in the phrase, “the government objects to the witness.” Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
An office built to dispatch and receive letters from any national or international location. On a general note, most post offices are regulated, finances and maintained by the federal government. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
In constitutional law. A term commonly used to express a league or compact between two or more states, in American law. Belonging to the general government or union of the states.Founded on or organized under the constitution or laws of the United States. The United States has been generally styled, in American political and judicial writings, a “federal government.” The term has not been imposed by any specific constitutional authority, but only expresses the general sense and opinion upon the nature of the form of government. In recent years, there is observable a disposition to employ the term “national” in speaking of the government of the Union. Neither word settles anything as to the nature or powers of the government. “Federal” is somewhat more appropriate if the government is considered a union of the states; “national” is preferable if the view is adopted that the state governments and the Union are two distinct systems, each established by the people directly, one for local and the other for national purposes. See United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U. S. 542, 23 L Ed. 588; Abbott. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
Currency on a current or capital account that is used in foreign trade. The economy must have low inflation rates and high industrial presence. AKA hard currency. Refer to convertible currency and exotic currency. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
In the United States, bills of attainder are unconstitutional as stated in Article 1 Section 9 and Article 1 Section 10 of the U.S. Constitution. Article 9 prohibits federal bills of attainder and Article 10 prohibits bills of attainder by the states. The constitutional ban on bills of attainder works to uphold separation of powers principles by preventing Congress from assuming the functions of the judicial branch. source Cornell Law School
This term is used in policies of marine insurance, in the clause relating to “arrests, restraints, and detainments.” The last two words are construed asequivalents, each meaning the effect of superior force operating directly on the vessel. Schmidt v. Insurance Co., 1 Johns. (N Y.) 262, 3 Am. Dec. 319; Bradlie v. InsuranceCo., 12 Pet. 402. 9 L. Ed. 1123; Simpson v. Insurance Co., Dud. Law (S. C.) 242. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
United States and Maryland cause C 08 CR22 000 652 Article 3 Court preliminary hearing preparatione
Morocco “Treaty of Peace and Friendship” with the United States of America (supreme law of the land)
Article 20. If any of the Citizens of the United States or any Persons under their Protection, shall have any Disputes with each other, the Consul shall decide between the Parties, & whenever the Consul shall require any aid or Assistance from our Government to enforce his Decisions, it shall be immediately granted to him.
Ship-and-cargo insurance coverage. Pays for loss of or damage over waterways, land, and air cargo in-transit and to the ship involved..
Morocco Consuls may file complaint against de facto mercenary agents Blankets #2381 and Martin #2564 involved in this cause that Lamont Maurice Butler El never committed (demand immediate release) at 301-609-6500
Supreme Court Preliminary Hearing cause C 08 CR22 000 652
the term given to the laws governing and determining the rights of independent nations during war or peace times. Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd edition
Constitution of United States of America Section 10 Powers Denied States
- Clause 1 Treaties, Coining Money, Impairing Contracts, etc.
- No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.
this information is reported as article III court moroccan law, public notice, news, study, research and education for community improvement throughout the world. te king